Standards of shipment vary among countries and different states or provinces because packages are most likely handled by a network of conveyors and couriers. With this in mind, the type of transport items needs to be evaluated based on:
Items that are heavy (or ordered in bulk) may require more durable packaging to keep them safe, while equipment or vehicles require a special type of transport packaging.
Here are some different types of packaging and their uses:
1. Boxes and Crates
Used by shippers worldwide, international shipping boxes and crates are used to pack a variety of items. Both may be made from wood, but their structure is different. Packaging boxes are solid and covered on all sides to keep items secure. Crates, on the other hand, may have open sides with a solid top and bottom (making items more readily visible for quick inspections).
Pallets are a flat transport structure that helps support goods and keep them stable as they are being lifted by forklifts or cranes. Pallets provide structural foundation for a load unit and divides shipping container items among separate units. Items that are placed on pallets are usually secured by straps or shrink wrap for added security.
Drums are usually used for transporting liquids or powders that must be kept dry. Drums can be made from a variety of materials (including fiber, stainless steel, and polyethylene).
Many exporters prefer to use containers for their practicality and how easy it is to pack and move items. Containers can be made from standardized metal and provide all-around protection for high-value items like specialized equipment and expensive cars.
5. Loose or unpacked packaging
Some heavy vehicles may not be contained and are transported as general cargo instead. To prevent damage to such items, dunnage or extra protective materials are placed around goods to secure them and prevent moisture absorption (which can cause rust).
The sender of shipping items bears the responsibility of making sure their goods are secured and kept firmly in place.
For businesses that require specialized international or nationwide shipment of heavy equipment and machinery, keep your precious cargo safe and rust-free by calling Ready Machinery Movers. Call us at 1-800-211-2500 to get a quote and discuss your machinery shipping needs.